Sea, mountains, history, art, local traditions, spirituality, nature, typical food and wine: in the Marche you can find all the best traits of Italian culture and lifestyle.
Senigallia city (pop. 44,500), is located in the Marche, central Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. It is a port, a seaside resort, and an industrial center.
Made a Roman colony in the 3d cent. B.C., it was later (6th cent. A.D.) one of the cities of the Byzantine Pentapolis. Although included in the territories donated (8th cent.) by Pepin the Short to the popes, it became (12th cent.) a free commune and then was a papal fief under various rulers. Cesare Borgia had several rebellious lords slain there (1502). The city has walls and a castle dating from the 15th cent. and two Renaissance churches.
Since 1853 Senigallia has been one of the most popular seaside resorts on the Adriatic Coast with its thirteen kilometres of golden sands, the famous Velvet Beach.
Thanks to the quality of the services it provides and the clean and safe bathing, the town has been awarded the prestigious Blue Flag of the Foundation for Environmental Education in Europe. But the sea is not the only reason for choosing Senigallia. It has a beguiling old centre and offers an ideal base for exploring inland Marche towns.
Although its prosperity nowadays depends on the tourists, it is a town with a long history. Its name bears witness to its earliest inhabitants - the Galli Senoni, a Celtic tribe who settled here around the 4th century BC. In the 15th century it was widely celebrated for its enormous commercial fair - the Maddalena Fair.
The finest monument is the old fort, the Rocca Roveresca, built in 1480. In the summer its courtyard echoes to the sound of classical music concerts.
Senigallia's other great pride is the number of good restaurants where you can, naturally, eat the best of the Adriatic catch. Two of Italy's most feted restaurants are here, regularly featured among the top ten in all the guides.
From pizzeria to bistrot, from family run restaurants on the beach to the more formal hotel tables, from the cheerful wine bars to the traditional "osteria", you are spoilt for choice. Here the gourmet will find superb delicacies, for families there are tasty inexpensive menus, the fish is fresh and inviting, and for those who do not like fish, there is always the good country fare to taste. - Claudio Riolo, introductory note to the guide "Eating in Senigallia"
Marche (Italian pronunciation: ['marke]), or the Marches, is one of the twenty regions of Italy. The name of the region derives from the plural name of marca, originally referring to the medieval March of Ancona and nearby marches of Camerino and Fermo.
The region is located in the Central area of the country, bordered by Emilia-Romagna and the republic of San Marino to the north, Tuscany to the west, Umbria to the southwest, Abruzzo and Lazio to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east.
Except for river valleys and the often very narrow coastal strip, the land is hilly. A railway from Bologna to Brindisi, built in the 19th century, runs along the coast of the entire territory.